The Book of Genesis
1 In the beginning God made heaven and earth. 2 The earth was invisible and unfinished; and darkness was over the deep. The Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the water. 3 Then God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light. 4 God saw the light; it was good; and God divided the light from the darkness. 5 God called the light Day; the darkness He called Night; and there was evening and morning, one day.
6 Then God said, “Let there be a firmament in the midst of the water, and let it divide the water from the water”; and it was so. 7 Thus God made the firmament, and God divided the water under the firmament from the water above the firmament. 8 So God called the firmament Heaven, and God saw that it was good; and there was evening and morning, the second day.
9 Then God said, “Let the water under heaven be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear”; and it was so. The water under heaven was gathered into its places, and the dry land appeared. 10 So God called the dry land Earth, and the gathering together of the waters He called Seas; and God saw that it was good. 11 Then God said, “Let the earth bring forth the herb of grass, bearing seed according to its kind and likeness. Let the fruit tree bear fruit, whose seed is in itself according to its kind on earth.” It was so. 12 Thus the earth brought forth the herb of grass, bearing seed according to its kind and likeness. The fruit tree bore fruit, whose seed is in itself according to its kind on earth. God saw that it was good. 13 So evening and morning were the third day.
14 Then God said, “Let there be lights in the firmament of heaven for illumination to divide day from night. 15 Let them be for signs and seasons, and for days and years. Let them be for illumination in the firmament of heaven to give light on the earth.” It was so. 16 Then God made two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night. He made the stars also. 17 God set them in the firmament of heaven to give light on the earth, 18 and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness. God saw that it was good. 19 So evening and morning were the fourth day.
20 Then God said, “Let the waters bring forth creatures having life, and let birds fly above the earth across the face of heaven’s firmament.” It was so. 21 Thus God made great sea creatures and every living thing that moves with which the waters abounded, according to their kind, and every winged bird according to its kind. God saw that it was good. 22 God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on earth.” 23 So evening and morning were the fifth day.
24 Then God said, “Let the earth bring forth the living creature according to its kind: the quadrupeds, the creeping things, and the wild animals of the earth according to their kind.” It was so. 25 So God made the wild animals of the earth according to their kind, the cattle according to their kind, and all the creeping things on earth according to their kind. God saw that it was good. 26 Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness. Let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of heaven, over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that moves on the earth.” 27 So God made man; in the image of God He made him; male and female He made them. 28 Then God blessed them; and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of heaven, and over every living thing that moves on the earth.”
29 Then God said, “Behold, I have given you every seed-bearing herb that sows seed on the face of all the earth, and every tree whose fruit yields seed; to you it shall be for food. 30 I also give every green plant as food for all the wild animals of the earth, for all the birds of heaven, and for everything that creeps on the earth in which is the breath of life.” It was so. 31 Then God saw everything He had made, and indeed, it was very good. So evening and morning were the sixth day.
1 Thus heaven and earth and all their adornment were finished. 2 And on the seventh day God finished the works He made, and He rested on the seventh day from all the works He made. 3 Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His works God began to make.
4 This is the book of the genesis of heaven and earth when they were made, in the day the Lord God made heaven and earth, 5 before any plant of the field was on earth and before any herb of the field sprang up. For God had not sent rain on the earth, and there was no man to till the ground; 6 but a fountain came up from the ground and watered the whole face of the earth. 7 Then God formed man out of dust from the ground, and breathed in his face the breath of life; and man became a living soul.
The Garden of Eden
8 Then the Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden, and there He put the man He formed. 9 Besides this, God caused every tree beautiful to the sight and good for food to grow from the ground. Also, in the middle of the garden were the tree of life and the tree of learning the knowledge of good and evil. 10 Now a river went out of Eden to water the garden, and from there it separated into four heads. 11 The name of the first is Pishon. It circles all the land of Havilah, where there is gold. 12 And the gold of that land is good. The carbuncle and the emerald are there as well. 13 The name of the second river is Gihon. It circles all the land of Ethiopia. 14 The name of the third river is Tigris. It flows over against the Assyrians. And the fourth river is Euphrates.
15 Then the Lord God took the man He formed and put him in the garden to tend and keep it. 16 And the Lord God commanded Adam, saying, “You may eat food from every tree in the garden; 17 but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you may not eat; for in whatever day you eat from it, you shall die by death.”
18 And the Lord God said, “It is not good for man to be alone. I will make him a helper comparable to him.” 19 Also, God formed out of the ground all the wild animals of the field and all the birds of heaven, and brought them to Adam to see what he would call them. Thus whatever Adam called each living creature, that was its name. 20 So Adam gave names to all the cattle, to all the birds of heaven, and to all the wild animals of the field. But for Adam there was not found a helper comparable to him. 21 Thus God brought a trance upon Adam, and he slept; and He took one of his ribs, and filled up the flesh in its place. 22 Then the Lord God built the rib He took from Adam into a woman, and brought her to him. 23 So Adam said, “This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh. She shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man. 24 For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife; and the two shall become one flesh.” 25 Now the two were naked, both Adam and his wife, and were not ashamed.
The Fall of Mankind
1 Now the serpent was more cunning than all the wild animals the Lord God made on the earth. And he said to the woman, “Has God indeed said, ‘You shall not eat from every tree of the garden’?” 2 And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat the fruit from the trees of the garden; 3 but from the fruit of the tree in the middle of the garden, God said, ‘You shall not eat from it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die.’ ” 4 Then the serpent said to the woman, “You shall not die by death. 5 For God knows in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like gods, knowing good and evil.” 6 So when the woman saw the tree was good for food, was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree beautiful to contemplate, she took its fruit and ate. She also gave it to her husband with her, and he ate. 7 Then the eyes of the two were opened, and they knew they were naked. So they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves coverings.
8 Then they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden that afternoon, and Adam and his wife hid themselves within the tree in the middle of the garden from the presence of the Lord God. 9 So the Lord God called Adam and said to him, “Adam, where are you?” 10 He replied, “I heard Your voice as You were walking in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid myself.” 11 Thus He said, “Who said you were naked? Have you eaten from the one tree from which I commanded you not to eat?” 12 Then Adam said, “The woman You gave me, gave me of the tree, and I ate.” 13 So the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.” 14 Thus the Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, you are cursed more than all cattle, and more than all the wild animals of the earth. On your breast and belly you shall go, and you shall eat dust all the days of your life. 15 I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed. He shall bruise your head, and you shall be on guard for His heel.”
16 To the woman He said, “I will greatly multiply your pain and your groaning, and in pain you shall bring forth children. Your recourse will be to your husband, and he shall rule over you.” 17 Then to Adam He said, “Because you heeded the voice of your wife, and ate from the one tree of which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat from it,’ cursed is the ground in your labors. In toil you shall eat from it all the days of your life. 18 Both thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you, and you shall eat the herb of the field. 19 In the sweat of your face you shall eat bread till you return to the ground from which you were taken. Earth you are, and to earth you shall return.” 20 So Adam called his wife’s name Life, because she was the mother of all living.
21 Also for Adam and his wife the Lord God made garments of skin, and clothed them. 22 Then the Lord God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of Us, to know good and evil. Now, lest he put out his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever—” 23 therefore the Lord God sent him out of the garden of pleasure to cultivate the ground from which he was taken. 24 So He cast out Adam, and made him dwell opposite the garden of pleasure. He then stationed the cherubim and the fiery sword which turns every way to guard the way to the tree of life.
1 Blessed is the man
Who walks not in the counsel of the ungodly,
Nor stands in the way of sinners,
Nor sits in the seat of the troublesome;
2 But his will is in the law of the Lord,
And in His law he meditates day and night.
3 He shall be like a tree
Planted by streams of waters,
That produces its fruit in its season;
And his leaf shall not wither,
And whatever he does shall prosper.
4 Not so are the ungodly, not so,
But they are like the dust the wind drives from the face of the earth.
5 Therefore the ungodly shall not rise in the judgment,
Nor sinners in the counsel of the righteous;
6 For the Lord knows the way of the righteous,
But the way of the ungodly shall perish.
Why do the nations rage,
And the people meditate on vain things?
2 The kings of the earth set themselves,
And the rulers gather together
Against the Lord and against His anointed, saying,
3 “Let us break their bands,
And cast away their yokes from us.”
4 He who sits in the heavens shall laugh at them;
The Lord shall mock them.
5 Then shall He speak to them in His wrath
And trouble them in His anger,
6 “But I was established as King by Him
Over His holy hill of Zion,
Declaring the Lord’s decree.
7 The Lord said to Me,
‘You are My Son,
Today I have begotten You;
8 Ask of Me, and I will give You
The nations for Your inheritance
And the ends of the earth for Your possession.
9 You shall shepherd them with an iron staff;
You shall shatter them like a potter’s vessel.’ ”
10 And now, O kings, understand;
Be instructed, all you judges of the earth.
11 Serve the Lord with fear
And rejoice in Him with trembling.
12 Lay hold of His instruction, lest the Lord be angry,
And you perish from the righteous way
When His fury shall be quickly kindled.
Blessed are all who trust in Him.
The Proverbs of Solomon, the son of David,
Who reigned in Israel,
2 To know wisdom and instruction,
And to understand words of discernment;
3 To receive both subtlety of words,
And to understand true righteousness and upright judgment;
4 So as to give astuteness to the simple,
And both perception and understanding to a young man;
5 For a wise man who hears these things will be wiser,
And the man of understanding will gain direction.
The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham:
2 Abraham begot Isaac, Isaac begot Jacob, and Jacob begot Judah and his brothers.
3 Judah begot Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez begot Hezron, and Hezron begot Ram.
4 Ram begot Amminadab, Amminadab begot Nahshon, and Nahshon begot Salmon.
5 Salmon begot Boaz by Rahab, Boaz begot Obed by Ruth, Obed begot Jesse,
6 and Jesse begot David the king.
David the king begot Solomon by her who had been the wife of Uriah.
7 Solomon begot Rehoboam, Rehoboam begot Abijah, and Abijah begot Asa.
8 Asa begot Jehoshaphat, Jehoshaphat begot Joram, and Joram begot Uzziah.
9 Uzziah begot Jotham, Jotham begot Ahaz, and Ahaz begot Hezekiah.
10 Hezekiah begot Manasseh, Manasseh begot Amon, and Amon begot Josiah.
11 Josiah begot Jeconiah and his brothers about the time they were carried away to Babylon.
12 And after they were brought to Babylon, Jeconiah begot Shealtiel, and Shealtiel begot Zerubbabel.
13 Zerubbabel begot Abiud, Abiud begot Eliakim, and Eliakim begot Azor.
14 Azor begot Zadok, Zadok begot Achim, and Achim begot Eliud.
15 Eliud begot Eleazar, Eleazar begot Matthan, and Matthan begot Jacob.
16 And Jacob begot Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus who is called Christ.
17 So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations, from David until the captivity in Babylon are fourteen generations, and from the captivity in Babylon until the Christ are fourteen generations.
Christ Born of Mary
18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was as follows: After His mother Mary was betrothed to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Spirit.
19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not wanting to make her a public example, was minded to put her away secretly.
20 But while he thought about these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take to you Mary your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit.
21 “And she will bring forth a Son, and you shall call His name JESUS, for He will save His people from their sins.”
22 So all this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying:
23 “Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel,” which is translated, “God with us.”
24 Then Joseph, being aroused from sleep, did as the angel of the Lord commanded him and took to him his wife,
25 and did not know her till she had brought forth her firstborn Son. And he called His name JESUS.
6 Replies to “Day 1: Genesis 1-3; Psalms 1, 2; Proverbs 1:1–5; Matthew 1”
Happy new year! Thank you for coming back this year again. You are a blessing to us all. I look forward to your comments at the end of the readings, it is what guides me through the day every day. Thank you and God bless you and give you the strength to continue.
Thank you for doing this every year… this is my fourth year with your readings and every time I hear something more that makes me do research. I would like from you a clarification of the following verse
22 Then the Lord God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of Us, to know good and evil. Now, lest he put out his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever—
Does this mean if Adam took the fruit from the tree himself and ate it he would be like “Us” the trinity??? And therefore, live forever?? Like God?? So, he was cast out to be prevented from eating the tree of life and here we are today.
Thank you for the extra information that you give with every reading do.
God bless you Joy – The fathers teach us that the first people only knew (experienced) good. They may have had some idea of evil but had not experienced it. St Ephraim the Syrian says that the glory that they were formerly wrapped in left them and the pain and suffering of evil now dominated them. If they were to taste from the tree of immortality, the pain and suffering would become eternal. The Tree of Life, which was created for good, would now do them more harm than good. Evil and sin would become eternal. St John Chrysostom also says that the expulsion from the garden was an expression of care from God so that his sinning would not continue eternally. The ironic thing is that God wanted us to become like him. He made us in his image and likeness. But the evil one suggested that they could become like God without God. (Isn’t that still our struggle today?) The new Covenant, the message of Jesus is that we can return again to God, to be like God, through our attachment to Jesus. He lowered himself to raise us. He assumed our humanity (became like us) so that we might partake of Divinity (become like him). And so Jesus is known as the new Adam (see 1 Cor 15:45) who reverses what the first Adam did.
Thank you so much, your answer has made it much clearer and understand the true meaning of the Tree of Life. Also, thank you for 1 Cor 15:45 and to 49, once again a new understanding of this scripture…This could be part of the closeness that one feels during the Eucharist.
Maybe it’s because I’ve only read the Orthodox (Septuagint) Bible for two years with you (read NKJV before), but I just noticed that the Tree of Life was not in God’s earlier description of trees (was it?) available to take or not take from. Have the fathers explained that (thanks for saving me that research). Am I missing something? Thanks!
Father you are such a blessing! I have been longing to read the Bible and always have such a hard time sticking to it. The way you have organized this, and recorded it and even comment! Lord have mercy! This is so wonderful! Thank you so much for what you do! May God grant you many, many years! And May God continue to grant you strength to keep this going!!!